If you are a foreigner shopping in Vietnam, you are guaranteed to be quoted outrageously prices. You need to learn this simple phrase
The way to say “I am sorry” is “Xin lỗi”. However, it can’t be used in the same way as in English — learn more about Vietnamese manners.
Chùa is a Buddhist place of worship (i.e., a Pagoda). They can be ancient places, or carnival-esque amusement parks. However, “Chúa” means Jesus Christ.
“Ăn com chưa?” literally means “have you eaten yet?”, but what Vietnamese friends really mean is “How are you doing?”
If you sit in any cafe, you will hear shouts of “Em ơi!” every few minutes. It is the tip of the iceberg of an entire system of politeness in Vietnam.
Xe om means “hold on” to a driver as you ride on their motorbike. It is also the best way for tourists to get around cities and rural areas.
Người means “people”, but it also functions like the English suffix “-er” when attached to a verb (e.g., driver).
Fish is “cá” in Vietnamese (pronounced like ga). But “cá” also includes some marine mammals, such as the “Pig Fish”…
“Đụ má” is a serious expletive in Vietnamese, equivalent to “f you” in English. It is to “địt mẹ” as “f you” is to “f**k you”.
There are many Vietnamese words that signify “romantic partners”. Bạn gái is girl friend, while Bạn trai is boyfriend.
There are several interesting lessons in the “pho mát vs fromage” phenomenon that can help you learn the Vietnamese accent.
Quần is an example of overloading in Vietnamese: it means both “pants” as well as underwear, shorts, overalls and more
Nguyễn can be anglicized to “win/when”, with an upward-pitch at the end, but the correct pronunciation is nearly impossible for foreigners, unless you learn this trick.
Nước means anything liquidy, from drinking water (nước) to the sauce for bánh hỏi. As a traveller in Vietnam, you must know nước mía.
If you’ve explored rural areas in developing countries, you’ll know scary-dog attacks are common. “Bad dog!”
Nhà means “home” when said alone, but it is an overloaded term: it can also mean “building”, “hotel”, “bank”, and more
Bánh mì is pronounced like “bang me”. Bánh loosely means baked-good and mì means “wheat flour”…